Andhra Pradesh ranks 4th in the NITI Aayog Health Index – The New Indian Express
VIJAYAWADA: Andhra Pradesh ranked fourth in the fourth edition of the state health index for 2019-2020, released on Monday by NITI Aayog. Round IV of the report focuses on measuring and highlighting the overall performance and gradual improvement of States and UTs from 2018-2019 to 2019-2020.
The state’s rank slipped from 3rd to 4th in the overall standings and was 10th in the incremental rankings. However, he continued to be in the lead runner category. Round IV of the report focuses on measuring and highlighting the overall performance and incremental improvement of States and UTs over the two-year period.
The state registered a gradual change of 1.07 points, which pushed it to the list of the “least improved” category. Ironically, Kerala which was ranked 1 in the overall category was also pushed into this category as its gradual change was still lower than Andhra Pradesh with 0.60 points.
Among the larger states, Andhra Pradesh as well as Telangana, Maharashtra, Kerala and Tamil Nadu showed strong overall performance and also saw incremental performance improvements.
The findings of the three previous cycles of the Health Index were taken into account to develop the Cycle IV Health Index (2019-20).
For the fourth cycle of the health index, a review of the indicators was undertaken and three new indicators were added for large states. These are the maternal mortality rate, the proportion of pregnant women who have had at least four antenatal consultations and the level of death registration.
The indicator relating to community health centers and sub-district hospitals (CSC / SDH) with a score of four points or more was dropped and the definition of two indicators, one related to measuring integrity. data and the other related to the accreditation of the quality of public health facilities, has been refined.
The State Health Index is an annual tool to assess the performance of States and UTs. It is a weighted composite index based on 24 indicators grouped under the domains “Health outcomes”, “Governance and information” and “Key inputs / processes”.
The MoH’s decision to link the index to incentives under the National Health Mission (NHM) helped shift the focus from budget spending, inputs and outputs to outcomes by highlighting the states and TUs that have improved the most.
Based on the provisional findings of the fourth round, the ministry provided 10 percent of total NHM state and UT funds as an incentive based on agreed conditionalities.
How are states / UTs evaluated?
The State Health Index is an annual tool to assess the performance of States and Union territories. It is a weighted composite index based on 24 indicators grouped under the domains “Health outcomes”, “Governance and information” and “Key inputs / processes”. Weights were assigned to each area, depending on its importance with higher scores for the outcome indicators.